A comparative study on articulation abilities of Turkish children with stuttering and children with typical development
This study aims to explore the relationship between articulation abilities and stuttering in Turkish children. The participants were 56 Turkish speaking, monolingual children with stuttering and 56 typically developing peers, aged between 3.0 and 8.11 years. A generalized linear model was used to assess between group differences with regard to articulation abilities, age and sex. The results revealed that the group effect (Wald χ2 (1) = 215.64, p < 0.001, b = 0.14) and the sex effect (Wald χ2 (1) = 215.64, p = 0.001, b = 0.74) was significant in all age groups. Girls who stutter performed significantly better compared to boys in the preschool age group on articulation abilities while there was no sex effect in the school age group. There was a correlation between family history of stuttering and articulation abilities (r = 0.321, p = 0.001) and, between time passed since the onset of stuttering and the articulation abilities (r = 0.342, p = 0.001) in the stuttering group. The correlation between stuttering severity and articulation abilities was not statistically significant (r = 0.048, p = 0.928). Findings of the study suggest that there are subtle differences between groups regards to articulation abilities increasing with age.
Anderson J.D., & Conture E.G. (2000). Language abilities of children who stutter: A preliminary study. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 25, 283–304.
Blood G.W., Ridenour V.J., Qualls C.D., & Hammer C.S. (2003). Co-occurring disorders in chil-dren who stutter. Journal of Communication Disorders, 36(6), 427–448.
Bloodstein, O. (1995). A handbook on stuttering (4th ed.). Chicago: National Easter Seal Socie-ty.
Brown, S.F. (1937). The influence of grammatical function on the incidence of stuttering. Jour-nal of Speech Disorder, 2, 207 – 215.
Clark C.E., Conture E.G., Walden T.A., & Lambert W.E. (2013). Speech sound articulation abili-ties of preschool-age children who stutter. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 38, 325–341.
Conture, E.G. (2001). Stuttering: Its nature, diagnosis, and treatment. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Guitar, B. (1998). Stuttering: An integrated approach to its nature and treatment (2nd ed.). Balti-more, MD: Williams & Wilkins.
Gümüş, N.M., Eryilmaz, S., Ünsal, S., Yildirim, A., Yuksel, S., Yuksel, M., & Gündüz, M. (2016). Research on the relationship between articulation levels and social skills of Turkish children between the ages of 4 and 5 years. International Journal on Disability and Human Develop-ment, 16(2), 217-224.
Horozoğlu, E. (2013). 4-7 Yaş Arasındaki Kekemeliği Olan Çocukların Anlamsız Sözcük Tekrarı Becerilerinin Kekemeliği Olmayan Çocuklarla Karşılaştırılması (Master’s thesis). Anadolu University, Eskişehir, Turkey.
Howell P., Au-Yeung J., & Sackin, S. (2000). Internal structure of content words leading to
lifespan differences in phonological difficulty in stuttering. Journal of Fluency Disorders,
Kazanoğlu, D. (2008). Türkçe Konuşan 3-7,5 Yaş Aralığındaki Kekeme Çocukların Kullandıkları Eylemlerin Dilbilimsel Özellikleri İle Akıcısızlık Davranışı Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi (Master’s thesis). Anadolu University, Eskişehir, Turkey.
Liang, K.Y. & Zeger, S.L. (1986). Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear mod-els. Biometrika, 73(1), 13-22.
Louko, L., Edwards, M.E., & Conture, E. (1990). Phonological characteristics of young
stutterers and their normally fluent peers: preliminary observations. Journal of
Fluency Disorders, 15, 191-210.
Ludlow C., Siren K., & Zikira M. (1997). Speech production learning in adults with chronic deve-lopmental stuttering. In: Hulstijn W., Peters H., Van Lieshout P., (Eds.), Speech production: Motor control, brain research and fluency disorders (pp. 221–230). NY: Elsevier.
Melnick K.S., Conture E.G., & Ohde R.N. (2003). Phonological priming in picture naming of
young children who stutter. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research,
Nelder J.A., & Wedderburn R.W.M.(1972). Generalized linear models. Journal of the Royal Sta-tistical Society, 135 (3), 370–384.
Nippold M.A. (2002). Stuttering and phonology: Is there an interaction? American Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 11, 99–110.
Paden, E. P., Yairi, E. & Ambrose N. G. (1999). Early childhood stuttering II: Initial status of phonological abilities. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 42(5), 1113-1124.
Pellowski, M.W., Conture, E.G., Anderson, J.D., & Ohde, R.N. (2001). Articulatory and phono-logical assessment of children who stutter. Paper presented at the third world congress on fluency disorders; Nyborg, Denmark.
Ryan B. (1992). Articulation, language, rate and fluency characteristics of 20 stuttering and nonstuttering preschool children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 35, 333–342.
Ryan B. (2001). A longitudinal study of articulation, language, rate, and fluency of 22 preschool children. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 26, 107–127.
Silverman E.M., & Williams D.E. (1967). A comparison of stuttering and nonstuttering children in terms of five measures of oral language development. Journal of Communication Disor-ders, 1, 305–309.
St. Louis K.O., & Hinzman A.R. (1988). A descriptive study of speech, language, and hearing characteristics of school-aged stutterers. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 13(5), 331–355.
Starkweaather, C. W., Gottwald, S. R., & Halfond, M. M. (1990). Stuttering prevention: A clinical method. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Topbas, S. (2006). Türkçe Sesletim-Sesbilgisi Testi: Geçerlik-güvenirlik ve standardizasyon çalismasi. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 21(58), 39-56.
Van Riper, C. (1982). The nature of stuttering. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Vatan, M. (2009). Türkçe Konuşan 2.5-9 Yaş Aralığındaki Kekeme Çocukların Kullandıkları İsim-ler, Sıfatlar, Zarflar, Edatlar, Bağlaçlar ve Zamirlerdeki Takılmalarının Biçim ve Cümledeki Konum Açısından İncelenmesi (Master’s thesis). Anadolu University, Eskişehir, Turkey.
Wagovich S.A., & Bernstein Ratner N. (2007). Frequency of verb use in young children who stutter. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 32(2), 79–94.
Weber-Fox C., Spruill J.E., Spencer R., & Smith A. (2008). Atypical neural functions underlying phonological processing and silent rehearsal in children who stutter. Developmental Sci-ence, 11(2), 321–337.
Westby C.E. (1974). Language performance of stuttering and nonstuttering children. Journal of
Communication Disorders, 12,133–145.
Wolk, L., Edwards, M. L., & Conture, E. G. (1993). Coexistence of stuttering and disordered phonology in young children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 36, 906-917.
Yairi, E. (2007). Subtyping stuttering I: A review. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 32(3), 165-196.
Yairi, E. (2012). Is Language a risk factor in stuttering? The Stuttering Foundation. 2012 Fall Newsletter. Retrieved from https://www.stutteringhelp.org/language-risk-factor-stuttering.
Yaruss, J. S., LaSalle, L. R., & Conture, E. G. (1998). Evaluating stuttering in young children: Diagnostic data. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 7(4), 62-76.
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
I accept that the Owner of International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education, the Editor, Associate Editors, Reviewers and the Editorial Board cannot be hold responsible regarding the scope, the findings, the discussion and conclusion of the manuscript submitted.
I declare to the editorship of International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education that the manuscript is original and has not been published anywhere else or is not under evaluation process for any other journal.
I approve that I grant International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education as the sole and exclusive right and license to publish for the full legal term of copyright of my manuscript concurring with article 5846 / 22-23-25 while I retain copyright in the work.