Volume 14 No 2 (2022): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education

PREVALENCE OF SKELETAL AND DENTAL MALOCCLUSION AMONG PATIENTS VISITING A PRIVATE DENTAL COLLEGE


Akshaya. K ArthiBalasubramaniam Sudharrshiny. S

DOI: 10.9756/INT-JECSE/V14I2.023

Keywords: Skeletal malocclusion, dental malocclusion, orthognathism, molar relationship, Innovative technology.


Abstract

The goal of orthodontic treatment is to achieve optimal occlusion within the framework of function, stability and esthetics. The oro-facial region is typically an area of serious concern for the individual because it draws the foremost attention from people in interpersonal interactions and is the primary source of vocal, physical, and emotional communication. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of different types of skeletal and dental malocclusion among patients visiting a private dental hospital. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted using the case records of patients in University hospital. Data on the class of skeletal and dental malocclusion were collected and analysed for association with age and gender. Descriptive statistics and chi-square association was done. Results: From the statistical analysis, it can be analysed that orthognathic maxilla and mandible (91.1%) were more commonly seen skeletal mal-occlusion and class 1 molar relationship (95.5%) was the most commonly seen dental malocclusion. Orthognathism of jaws tends to show female predilection (51.3%) when compared to males (39.7%) and most commonly seen among the age group of 15 to 30 years (63.3%). Class I dental mal-occlusion was most commonly seen among the age group of 15 to 30 years (58.2%) and showed higher prevalence in males (54.2%) than females. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the commonly seen skeletal malocclusion was orthognathic jaws which was commonly seen among the age group of 15 to 30 years, primarily in females. The commonly observed dental malocclusion was class 1 molar relationship commonly seen among the age group of 15 to 30 years and were commonly prevalent among males.

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Volume 14 No 2 (2022): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education

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Research Articles

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