Volume 12 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education
A Study of the Health and Nutritional Status of Slums in the City of Baghdad Case Study in a Random Area
Hamdiya Muhammad Shahwani, Wissal Abdullah Hussein, Alaa Nabeel Al-Heali
Keywords: Slums- forced Migration- IDPs, Ration Cards- food Consumption- healthy Housing Requirements- shantytowns.
In this research we shed light on the nature of the relationship between the random housing areas and the health and nutritional reality of the residents of those areas, taking one of the random areas in the outskirts of Baghdad city as a field of research, specifically in the Al-Rashid area / as random housing (outside the law) was established behind each of the Al-Rashid clinic Model and High School Protectors. The research team prepared a questionnaire that included a set of questions, which were sent to a random sample of residents of that region, to seek their views on the health and nutritional conditions in which they live, as this research is concerned with the health and nutritional aspects of the residents of slums. Simple statistical programs were used to calculate percentages and prepare graphs. The research reached a set of conclusions, the most important of which is that the phenomenon of slums has started in Iraq several decades ago, in a limited manner, but it rose after 2003 as a result of high population growth rates in general, and its rise in urban areas in particular, as well as multiple causes, including economic, cultural and religious And security instability, contributed to the polarization of the population towards specific cities, and the city of Baghdad is the highest in terms of the presence of random areas, as it reached about 1022 gatherings, which accounted for 27.7% of the total total of random settlements in Iraq, with a number of housing units of 136689. This research reached a set of recommendations that would address this phenomenon.
IssueVolume 12 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education
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