Volume 12 No 1 (2020): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education

Social cognition and its influence on adaptation of people who suffered from the first psychotic episode of schizophrenia


Kseniya N. Shvets, Victor A. Ruzhenkov, Victoria V. Ruzhenkova, Natalia K. Rzhevskaya, Konstantin Yu. Retyunsky

DOI: 10.9756/INT-JECSE/V12I1.201046

Keywords: schizophrenia, social integration, social intelligence


Abstract

Relevance. Social cognition covers different fields that include a human ability to recognize and identify emotions, apperceive mental states and intentions, understand roles, rules and aims that are a base of social interaction. Disorder in these abilities of people diagnosed with schizophrenia may cause social dysfunctions. Goal of research is verification of social intelligence characteristics and social intelligence influence on adaptation of people diagnosed with schizophrenia suffered from the first psychotic episode in order to elaborate recommendations relating psychosocial treatment and rehabilitation. Material and methods. 145 patients suffered from the first psychotic episode at the age from 15 to 40 have been screened. Clinical and psychopathological, psychometric methods of research were applied (PSP and GAF Scales, PANSS, test «Social intelligence» by J. P. Guilford). Results. People diagnosed with schizophrenia suffered from the first psychotic episode by the time of the fist hospitalizing had significant social maladjustment in their families and production sphere: 68.3% did not have families and 41.4% were homeless. Having suffered from the first psychotic episode, 37.7% of people got decreasing individual's social status. According to all the subtests of «social cognition» of J. P. Guilford all the representatives of the control group (mentally sane) left beyond those diagnosed with schizophrenia. Patients with a higher education and incomplete higher education were able to recognize nonverbal behavior (below average) in a greater degree. Conclusion. It is required to arrange a psychosocial training to improve understanding different aspects of nonverbal communication by people diagnosed with schizophrenia, that is what may help to increase social functioning level.

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Volume 12 No 1 (2020): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education

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Research Articles

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